The Bako National Park is Sarawak's oldest national park and is located 37 km northeast of Kuching. Virtually every type of vegetation in Borneo can be found in this 2,728-hectare park. Rare animal like the Proboscis Monkey can easily be sported in this Park.
Some 22 km southeast of the city, off the Kuching Serian highway, lays the Semonggoh Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre .
Annah Rais is a very traditional Bidayuh Longhouse located about 80 km from Kuching and the Borneo Highland Resort / Hornbill Golf & Jungle Club is situatual on the nearby plateau.
Located about 200 m off the 30 km junction of the Kuching-Serian highway is Jong's Crocodile Farm. This mini-zoo is one of the largest crocodile farms in Malaysia.
A deltaic mangrove system, with an extensive network of marine waterways and tidal creeks interconnecting the major rivers of Sungei Sibu Laut, Batang Salak and Sungei Santubong. Most of the reserve lies west of Sungei Santubong, with a small area to the east. The mangrove forest is of good quality and little disturbed. The main river catchment areas lie to the south in Bau and Kuching districts, up to the Bungo highlands. Salinities at Salak range from 25-30 p.p.t. The mean tidal range in Sungei Santubong is 5.5m.
Humid tropical climate with an annual rainfall of 3,600-4,000 mm. The region is not directly exposed to the northeast monsoon. The rainfall is lowest during June and July, and reaches a peak in December and January.
A saline mangrove system in Sarawak with flora comprising predominantly the genera Rhizophora, Avicennia and Sonneratia. The site harbours such noteworthy species as Estuarine Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), Proboscis Monkey (Nasalis Larvatus) (endemic to Borneo and listed as'Endangered', IUCN Red List), Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus ('Vulnerable')), and Griffith's Silver Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus villosus). The site has value as a breeding and nursery ground for fish and prawn species - 43 families of fishes and 11 species of prawns have been recorded, many of which are commercially important.
Its proximity to the city of Kuching, the Damai resort complex, and two other national parks renders it of high potential value for tourism, education and recreation. The area is historically important there was a Chinese settlement there probably as early as the 1st century AD, and early Malay, Hindu and Buddhist relics from the 9th centure AD have been excavated at Santubong Village. The discovery of gold made the area an important trading and iron mining centre from the 7th to 13th centuries, some enigmatic rock carvings of human figures remain from this period. In the l5th century, Santubong was the site of the original Brunei Malay capital of Sarawak.
The gold mining town of Bau beckon southwest of Kuching along a 34 km-long-tar sealed dual carriageway. Mining operations for the glittering ore are still carried out today. An interesting structure at the town centre is a small Buddhist Shrine, which also doubles as a roundabout. Other attractions here include the Bau Museum which has a fine collection of Bidayuh cultural, the Wind and Fairy Cave , are located about 8 km from Bau Bazaar.
Located some 70 km away from Bau is Lundu, a popular stopover town for visitors to its many recreational beaches. The Gunung Gading National Park , which is about 10 minute's drive from the town consists of several peaks and has a series of waterfalls. It is home to numerous rare plants, including the world's largest flower – the Spectacular Rafflesia tuanmudae.
Tanjung Datu National Park is situated at the western tip of Sarawak on the Datu Penisula. It is one of the smallest parks in Sarawak, with an area appromiximately 14 kilometres square (1,379 ha). Gazatted 16 March 1994 and published to public on 19 May 1994 and was formerly known as Labuan Gadong. Half of the peninsula is situated within Sarawak and the other portion lies in Kalimatan Indonesia. The park is also described as the "Heaven of Borneo" by foreign visitors.
Interesting natural features with splendid rain forest and unique coral reefs make the park an exceptionally significant area for biodiversity. Its pristine environment with a series of mountain ranges and luxurious mixed dipterocarp, forest and fauna make the park a pleasant place to visit. The unpolluted crystal clear water of the South China Sea provides a wide range of marine life, which could be prime attraction to those who love snorkeling and scuba diving. Turtles are another possible attraction to the visitor because the park is one of the few destinations for the turtles landing to lay eggs. Due to its location being quite remote and isolated, the park offers a spectacular destination for nature-based tourism attraction.
The Park has yet to be officially opened to public. However, visitors can get a permit to visit the park from the Sarawak Forest Department and get there by hiring a boat from the coastal town of Sematan. The journey from Sematan to Tanjung Datu National Park, approximately 45 minutes. During the North East Monsoon season from November until February the sea condition is often too rough for small boats. Usually small boats are not allowed to travel at the time of the year. Visitors to the park are encouraged to travel during the month of March to September when the sea is calm.
The picturesque Malay fishing village is situated at the western tip of Sarawak, about an hour's boat ride from Sematan. A homestay programme offers visitors the chance to experience village life and enjoy the natural attractions of the area. Activities can be arranged include snorkeling, diving, fishing, jungle trekking and trips to nearby Tanjung Datu National Park.
The 64 km Kuching-Serian highway ends with the small Serian town . This place represents an important trading center to the Bidayuhs who come here to peddle their exotic array of the jungle and farm produce, not far from the town is the Rancang Pool – a popular recreational ground which boasts an icy-cold waterfall. To travellers up country, Serian represents the last stop up on food provisions and to freshen up before embarking on the long journeys to either Tebedu or Sri Aman.
Tebedu located about 101 km southwest of Serian Bazaar. Sitting along the Sarawak – Indonesian border, this predominantly Bidayuh settlement is the gateway to West Kalimantan ( Indonesia ) by land.
Sri Aman , formerly known as Simanggang, is situated east of Serian and is linked to it by a good 129 km stretch of dual carriageway. An interesting historical building here is Fort Alice. This 128-year-old fort overlooks Batang Lupar and was built to prevent the volatile Dayaks from passing down river to attack the coastal shipping trade.
About 10 km before reaching Sri Aman town, there is a surfaced road leading to the mighty Batang Lupar River with its three tributaries of Batang Ai , Lemanak and Skrang .
Sitting at the Batang Ai Reservoir is the Hilton Batang Ai Longhouse Resort managed by Hilton Hotel. Adjacent to the Batang Ai area is the Lanjak – Entimau Biodiversity Conservation Area & Wildlife Sanctuary . It currently covers an area of 168,758 ha, with a proposed extension of 18,414 ha.
The complex topography of this region provides livelihood and shelter for an equally complex community of flora & fauna, some of which are yet to be discovered. This is where you can spot the orang utans in their natural habitat.
Of the 3 tributaries, Lemanak is the logical choice for an exiting longhouse safari for several reasons.
Firstly, it is the nearest of the three from Kuching ( 224 km away ) and can be reached in only about 4 hours. Secondly, the upper reach of the Lemanak River is where some of the most traditional Iban longhouses in the state are located. Thirdly, Lemanak is still comparatively primitive and it was only opened to tourists recently.
To get to one of the longhouse in Lemanak requires about an hour of exciting longboat ride, which passes through rapids and picturesque scenes. The lifestyles of the natives at these unique and stilted dwelling structures are a picture of contrast. Their skills in manning the deadly blowpipe, the deft touches of their women folk in making handicrafts, and colourful cultural activities are unforgettable sights.
Maludam National Park is located in the Sri Aman Division of Sarawak, in East Malaysia on the island of Borneo. It is located in the Maludam Peninsula and consists entirely of low-lying, flat peat swamp forest. Such forests cover about 10% of the total land area of Sarawak but have mostly been exploited for timber and plantation agriculture. The Maludam National Park encompasses the largest single patch of peat swamp forest remaining in Sarawak and Brunei.
The park covers an area of 431.47 square kilometres and was founded in 2000. It is the second largest park in Sarawak and there are proposals to extend its area yet further.
Maludam National Park also has the only viable population of the red-banded langur (Presbytis melalophos cruciger) remaining in the world today. This species is one of the world's most beautiful monkeys and is endemic only to Borneo.
Its current range is restricted entirely to the peat swamp forests of the Sri Aman Division and Sarikei Division of Sarawak.